Peace & Security Report 9/27/2013


IPSI’s Peace & Security Report (PSR) is a concise weekly e-publication intended to brief busy students, academics, advocates, and practitioners in the conflict management community on pertinent global news, events, and trends.  The PSR empowers us all to take a step back from our immediate deadlines each Friday and gain a greater understanding of the week’s global events.



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IPSI’s Peace & Security Report (PSR) is a concise weekly e-publication intended to brief busy students, academics, advocates, and practitioners in the conflict management community on pertinent global news, events, and trends. The PSR empowers us all to take a step back from our immediate deadlines each Friday and gain a greater understanding of the week’s global events.
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Featured Article
Armenia and Azerbaijan: A Season of Risks 

Confrontation, low-intensity but volatile, between Azerbaijan and Armenia has entered a period of heightened sensitivity. Peace talks on Nagorno-Karabakh bogged down in 2011, accelerating an arms race and intensifying strident rhetoric. Terms like “Blitzkrieg”, “pre-emptive strike” and ”total war” have gained currency with both sides’ planners. An immediate concern is military miscalculation, with implications that could far exceed those of a localised post-Soviet frozen conflict, as the South Caucasus, a region where big powers meet and compete, is now also a major energy corridor. Clashes increasingly occur along the Azerbaijani-Armenian frontier far from Nagorno-Karabakh, the conflict’s original focus. Tensions have also spread to areas along the border with the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhichevan where Azerbaijani and Turkish exercised in July. A subsequent firefight produced casualties, and Armenia staged its own war games near the Azerbaijan border in September. Vigorous international engagement is needed to lessen chances of violent escalation during coming weeks and months.




GUNIEA: Violence in capital jeopardizes parliamentary elections

On Sunday, violence broke out in the capital, Conakry, after militants associated with the ruling party Rally of the Guinea People (RPG) attacked a procession with Halimatou Diallo, wife of opposition leader Cellou Daillo. In response, hundreds of youths supporting the opposition barricaded roads, set vehicles on fire, and threw stones at police. The protests continued into Monday, when gunfire broke out after police breached the barricades. One officer was killed and about 50 people were injured, two of them officers. Comment: Parliamentary elections were scheduled for six months following President Alpha Conde’s December 2010 swearing-in ceremony; however, disagreements on the election process between opposition parties and the government stalled the polls for years. Opposition leader Daillo accused the President’s camp and the electoral commission of rigging the upcoming elections; to placate opposition concerns, the UN facilitated the postponement of the elections originally planned for September 24 to September 28. (Guinee News OnlineReutersAl-JazeeraAP)


KENYA: Al-Shabab attack and hold Westgate Mall for three days; Ruto ICC trial postponed

On Saturday at approximately noon local time, members of al-Shabab opened fire and detonated grenades inside the Westgate shopping complex in Nairobi. The attackers held the mall for three days, causing the deaths of 61 civilians, 6 soldiers, and 5 attackers; 11 attackers remain in custody.  A number of foreign citizens were among the victims, as well as the Kenyan President’s nephew. In light of the crisis, the ICC trial against Deputy President Ruto and Joshua arap Sang was adjourned and postponed.  On Wednesday, three were wounded and one killed by a grenade thrown at a supermarket in Wajir, 500 km north of Nairobi, but it remains unknown if there is any connection to Westgate. Comment: The official death toll may rise as security forces begin the forensic investigation and clearing of the mall where three floors collapsed during the attack. Kenyan authorities believe the assailants may have stored weapons and ammunition inside the mall beforehand. Al-Shabab stated that the attack was retaliation against the Kenyan military presence in Somalia. The Westgate siege is the worst act of terrorism in Kenya since the 1998 bombing of the U.S. embassy in Nairobi that killed 200, and President Kenyatta has called for three days of mourning. (Al-JazeeraReuters,Capital FMThe Guardian)

NIGERIA: Senate opens investigations into Abuja killings; Boko Haram leader alive

Last Friday, State Security Service forces stormed a home in Apo, Abuja and opened fire on 100 people. Authorities claim they were searching for members of Boko Haram, but witnesses said they were civilian squatters. Between seven and 10 people were killed, and residents of Abuja have fled the area. On Tuesday, a two-week investigation was opened by the Senate to decide if the Boko Haram was involved or if the security forces committed extrajudicial killings. The National Human Rights Council also set up a panel to investigate the incident. Comment: Witnesses state that they were given one day’s notice to evict the premises before the attack occurred, and the home is suspected of belonging to a Nigerian army general. While it is unknown if Boko Haram is connected to the Abuja killings, on Wednesday Abukar Shekau, leader of the Boko Haram, released a video proving he is alive, refuting the military report of his death in a clash with the Joint Task Force on June 30, 2013. In the video, Shekau also claimed responsibility for attacks in Benisheik last Tuesday in which 160 people were killed and hundreds of homes burned. (Daily TrustVanguardReuters)


SUDAN: Government austerity cuts spark protests across the country

On Sunday evening, the Sudanese government announced fuel subsidy cuts, doubling the cost of petrol from USD 2.83 per gallon to USD 4.65 and diesel from USD 1.81 to USD 3.17, sparking protests that continued until Thursday. Hundreds demonstrated in and around the capital Khartoum and in the major cities of Omdurman and Wad Madani. Official reports state that six died in the protests, but witnesses and foreign media report that 20 to 30 people are dead and live ammunition was used against demonstrators.  Protestors damaged public property throughout the country, including the burning of a university, several gas stations, and government buildings.Comment: Reports also state that the government is suppressing local media, including an Internet blackout from Wednesday to Thursday; the government claims protestors damaged telecom facilities. The ruling National Congress Party accused Sudan Revolutionary Front and other opposition parties of inciting the demonstrations. Inflation remains high and living costs are rising in Sudan, which has suffered economically since South Sudan gained independence with 75 percent of crude oil reserves. (Radio Dabaga,Sudan TribuneAl-JazeeraReutersAP, AFP


Researched/Written by Melissa Newcomb


BRAZIL/UNITED STATES: President Rousseff files formal protest against United States, accuses U.S. of violating international law

On Tuesday, in a speech before the UN General Assembly, Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff stated that the interception of communications by the United States National Security Agency (NSA) was “a breach of international law and affront of the principles” that guide relations among “friendly nations.”  Calling the US’s actions “unacceptable,” Rousseff’s government has filed a formal protest against the U.S. and is requesting a formal apology and a  “guarantee that such acts will not be repeated.” Leaks released by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden revealed that the NSA intercepted communications between President Rousseff and her top aides as well as communications by Rousseff and the state-run oil company Petrobras. In a speech following Rousseff’s, Obama stated that the U.S. has “begun to review the way that we gather intelligence, so as to properly balance the legitimate security concerns of our citizens and allies, with the privacy concerns that all people share.” Comment: The remarks from Rousseff were delivered approximately a week after she canceled a scheduled meeting with President Obama.  Rousseff departed New York on Wednesday, leaving Foreign Minister Luiz Alberto Figueiredo to meet with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry.(Washington PostGloboThe GuardianBBC)


PANAMA/PARAGUAY: Paraguay and Panama discuss Millennium Development Goals progress at UN General Assembly

On Sunday, President Ricardo Martinelli Berrocal of Panama and President Horacio Manuel Cartes Jara of Paraguay met with UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to discuss the progress of the eight time-constrained Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which include education, gender equality, child mortality reduction, extreme poverty and hunger eradication, maternal health, environmental sustainability, a global partnership for development, and  combating HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases.  Secretary General Ban commended Paraguay’s efforts at addressing the MDGs and emphasized further action towards reducing gender inequalities and reaching marginalized communities.  Ban Ki-moon also recognized the Development Bank of Latin America’s contribution to sustainable development in Latin America and the Caribbean by way of credit operations, grants and assistance to both public and private projects. Comment: The 68th Annual UN General Assembly is meeting in New York City this week to discuss global issues including the MDG’s, promotion of environmental sustainability, further peace and security issues, including chemical weapons in Syria. (United Nations News CentreUnited NationsAl Jazeera AmericaWorld Bulletin)


UNITED STATES: More than half of UN Member nations are now signatories of Arms Trade Treaty

At the UN General Assembly on Wednesday, several countries, including the U.S., signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT).  First adopted in April 2013, the ATT prohibits states from dispatching conventional weapons to countries when they know those weapons will be used to facilitate or commit genocide, crimes against humanity, or war crimes. In total, 112 countries have signed the first multilateral global treaty regulating the trade in conventional arms and ammunition, as of Thursday, which is over half of all UN member states. Comment: Of the top four largest legal arms exporters, the United States and the United Kingdom have signed the treaty, while China and Russia have not.  Each signatory of the law must ratify it through their domestic governing body and incorporate the treaty into national law; currently seven countries have ratified the treaty.  After 50 countries validate the text of the treaty through their national legislation the ATT will become international law. (United Nations,Amnesty InternationalAPOxfam International,UNODA)


VENEZUELA/CHINA: Venezuelan president signs 12 agreements to expand “strategic cooperation” with China

During a three-day visit to Beijing, Venezuelan president Nicolas Maduro signed 12 agreements with Chinese President Xi Jinping aimed at increasing economic ties between the two countries.  The agreements signed include a finance fund deal, cooperation relating to education, and a collaboration and exchange concession between China’s National Space Administration and Venezuela’s Science Technology. There were also agreements with the Innovation Ministry pertaining to remote satellites, as well as joint development between a Chinese state-owned oil producer and Venezuela’s national oil company. Maduro told Xi that his main goal of the trip was to “further consolidate and expand the strategic partnership” that begun with President Hugo Chavez.  Comment: China has provided more than USD 36 billion in loans to Venezuela, which are repaid in crude oil. Although several agreements were signed, China refused to sign a loan to Venezuela that was not tied to infrastructure projects. (AP,AFPVoz de America)


Researched/Written by Meredith Maynard

East Asia

AUSTRALIA/INDONESIA: Policy talks on detaining asylum-seekers

On September 23, Australian Foreign Minister Julie Bishop met with the Indonesian Foreign Minister Marty Natalegawa to discuss Australia’s policy on deterring asylum-seekers from entering Australia without a visa. While Bishop asked for the Indonesian government and other nearby nations to help prevent the activities of “people smuggling” to Australia, Natalegawa replied that Indonesia will not accept any policy that would undermine their sovereignty.The two countries will meet again next Monday when Australia’s Prime Minister Tony Abott visits Jakarta. Comment: The talks come after over 15,000 asylum-seekers from Iran, Pakistan, and Afghanistan tried to reach Australia from Indonesia via sea routes this year. The Australian government’s border protection policy denies entry to asylum-seekers, directing refugees back to the Indonesian government. (NY TimesChannel NewsAsiaReutersGlobal Post)


CHINA: Shanghai set to become a free trade zone

On September 29, the Chinese government will launch a free trade zone (FTZ) in Shanghai, temporarily easing restriction on foreign investment, trade, and several service sectors for three years. The FTZ will cover the 28.78 sq km of the Pudong New Area in Shanghai. Beijing’s economic policy to increase foreign investments and to liberalize its capital system motivated this decision. Adjustments will be made so that goods can be imported and exported without having to declare them through the customs authority. Comment: Many speculated that the FTZ will lift bans on China’s internet censorship. In 2009, China banned Twitter, Facebook, and many other foreign news websites including The New York Times. Many of these social media companies lobbied the government to lift bans, but the Chinese government has stood firm in blocking these sites. (Channel NewsAsiaXinhua NewsGlobal Times)


CHINA: Public criticizes court order on execution

On Wednesday, a Shenyang City court carried out the execution order of Xia Junfeng, a street vendor who claimed self-defense in the stabbing death of two security officials, arousing public criticism towards the Chinese legal system.  In 2009, several city security officials beat Mr. Xia and his wife because they were selling grilled meat as unlicensed vendors, which led Mr. Xia to pull out a fruit knife to stab them. During the trial, the court rejected the testimonies of Mr. Xia’s witnesses; his review appeal was also rejected in April 2011.Comment: Many news sources are making comparisons between Xia’s execution and Gu Kailai, the estranged wife of disgraced politician Bo Xilai, who was convicted of murdering a British businessman, but given a suspended death sentence. Ironically, public criticism intensified through the popular social network, Sina Weibo, in China where censorship is high. One U.S. rights group reports that thousands of people are executed every year in China.(NY TimesWSJBBC)   


NORTH KOREA/CHINA: China bans exports on weapons-related goods to NK

China announced its decision to ban the export of weapon-related technologies and goods to North Korea on Tuesday. The 236 page list of the banned products and technologies released by the Chinese Ministry of Commerce includes ones with both civil and military purposes, although it is likely that North Korea utilized them to make missiles and nuclear weapons. More than 83 percent of North Korea’s imports come from China, and banning such exports is intended to pressure North Korea back into the disarmament talks.  Comment: In the past, China had been more cautious about pressuring North Korea to abandon its nuclear program. After a series of failed Six Party talks, North Korea launched its third missile test in February evoking a firmer stance from China. Based on the list of previous exports from China, some American experts believe that North Korea is capable of producing uranium-based bombs. The Obama administration said that it would be interested in renewing the talks only if North Korea dismantles its nuclear program.  (NY TimesSCMPRapplerAP)


Researched/Written by Grace Choi

Europe & Central Asia

FRANCE: Interior Minister called for Roma to leave France

On Tuesday September 24, French Interior Minister Manuel Valls declared “The Roma should return to their country and be integrated over there.” Valls stated the Roma population had failed to integrate into French society and that the unemployed should be deported to Romania and Bulgaria. Valls’ comments promoted a stern response from the European Commission, who threated to penalize France if its policy towards Roma violated their freedom of movement within the EU. The Commission did recognize that France has the right to deport unemployed migrants who have not found means to support themselves over a period of time. Comment: Since July 2010, France has implemented a policy that targets Roma camps and expels them from French soil. Between 15 and 20 thousand Roma of Bulgarian or Romanian origin live on French territory. There are 10 to 12 million Roma in Europe in total. France has been a key barrier to Romania and Bulgaria’s entry into the European Schengen zone due in part to fears of a large migration of Roma to France. (Le MondeGuardian,TelegraphAFPAPAP),


GREECE: Mass protests against Golden Dawn party end in violence

On September 25, anti-fascist protests in the streets of Athens calling for the ban of the far-right Golden Dawn party erupted in violence. Dozens of marchers broke away from the peaceful demonstration and began throwing stones at the offices of the Golden Dawn party. The movement escalated into demonstrators smashing store windows and setting garbage cans on fire. Police and riot officers responded to the violence by using tear gas. The protests were the largest display against the Golden Dawn party since the fatal stabbing of Pavlos Fyssas, an anti-racism rapper, by a Golden Dawn supporter last week. The protests overlapped with the launch of an inquiry into the possible role of Greek police forces in supporting the Golden Dawn members that began earlier this week. Several senior police officers have been suspended for possible links to the far-right party. Prime Minister Antonis Samaras has vowed not to let the party “undermine democracy” through its far-right agenda. Comment: Dimitris Avramopoulos, Greece’s defense minister, ordered the police inquiry in an attempt to quash the group’s ability to grow as well as remove any suspicion of the police force being swayed by far-right opinions. The Golden Dawn party gained almost 7 percent of the vote in the 2012 elections, earning a place in the Greek Parliament for the first time. Analysts state that the notable rise in support stems from the economic crisis within the Eurozone nation. (GuardianBBCNews,EuronewsRTReutersAP)


SWITZERLAND: Southern Swiss canton passes referendum banning full-face veils

Almost two thirds of voters in the canton of Ticino in Italian-speaking Switzerland supported a referendum banning full-face veils on Sunday. Giorgio Ghiringhelli, a political campaigner and the creator of the initiative, claimed that the aim was to send a message to “Islamist fundamentalists” in his district. The ban has been criticized by human rights organizations. Switzerland’s Central Islamic Council stated the vote was “another loud expression of social Islamophobia.” Official estimates indicate that only two percent of Ticino identifies as Islamic and only 100 women throughout Switzerland wear full-face veils. Comment: The ban will need to be approved by the federal parliament before becoming law. This is not the first law banning Islamic symbols to come to the Swiss parliament. Similar proposals in the cantons of Bern and Schwyz have previously failed to receive federal approval. Additionally, the Swiss Parliament rejected a law banning full-face veils across the nation in 2012. However, in 2009 the parliament successfully passed a ban on building new minarets that are uniquely Islamic structure. (Swiss InfoRTReutersWall Street Journal,TelegraphAljazeera,) 


Researched/Written by Rukmani Bhatia

Middle East & North Africa 

EGYPT: Government will “postpone” dissolution of Muslim Brotherhood

On Tuesday, Egyptian officials announced that the government will “postpone” the dissolution of the Muslim Brotherhood following a Cairo administrative court ruling on Monday that bans all Brotherhood activity and orders the seizure of the group’s assets. The ban would have also applied to “any institution branching out from or belonging to the Brotherhood,” according to official Egyptian media sources, which would likely restrict the activities of the Brotherhood’s associated political wing, the Freedom and Justice Party. Despite the announcement that the Brotherhood would not be immediately outlawed, Egyptian authorities shut down the headquarters of the official Brotherhood newspaper on Wednesday. Comment: Analysts argue that these conflicting rulings indicate a larger disagreement within the government on how to handle the Muslim Brotherhood. The Brotherhood remains one of the most organized sources of opposition to the interim government, despite the ongoing crackdown. Following the overthrow of former President Morsi in July, the military-backed interim government has cracked down on the Brotherhood, arresting over 2,000 members and nearly all of the group’s senior leadership. The group has been banned in Egypt for most of its 85 year history, but maintained unofficial operations and organization before rising to power following the ousting of former President Mubarak in 2011.(Daily News Egypt, BBC, Al Jazeera)


IRAN: Iran Foreign Minister Zarif meets with U.S. Secretary of State Kerry at UN

On Thursday, Iranian FM Zarif met with Secretary Kerry on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly in New York City to discuss Iran’s disputed nuclear program. Top diplomats from Britain, France, Russia, China and Germany were also present. Presidents Obama and Rouhani exchanged letters last week in a potential sign of thawing diplomatic relations. In his speech to the General Assembly on Tuesday, President Obama stated that Washington is not seeking regime change in Iran, while President Rouhani reiterated Iran’s commitment to a peaceful nuclear program and called for “time-bound and results-oriented” negotiations. Comment: Despite outreach by the two presidents, analysts argue that full rapprochement between the U.S. and Iran faces many challenges. Both leaders face significant domestic opposition, and several key U.S. allies remain staunchly opposed to improved relations with Iran. Furthermore, analysts conclude that any future talks will need to address issues beyond Iran’s nuclear program, such as the conflict in Syria and U.S. sanctions against the Iranian government. (Al Jazeera, AFP, BBC)


PALESTINE: Clashes between Israeli soldiers and Palestinian protesters in West Bank city of Hebron

On Sunday, an Israeli soldier was killed in a suspected sniper attack in the West Bank city of Hebron amid clashes between Israeli military forces and Palestinian protesters. The clashes occurred during the Jewish holiday of Sukkot as worshipers arrived at the contested Tomb of the Patriarchs/Ibrahimi Mosque, a holy site in both Judaism and Islam. Following the shooting, Prime Minister Netanyahu issued a declaration allowing a group of Israeli settlers to move into a contested house in a Palestinian neighborhood in Hebron. Comment: Israeli, Palestinian, and U.S. officials have expressed concern over what impact this incident may have on the latest round of negotiations between Israel and Palestine. Following the incident, Israeli Minister of Economics Naftali Bennett demanded that the Israeli government reconsider its decision to release a group of Palestinian prisoners as part of the ongoing peace negotiations. Despite the heated rhetoric surrounding this incident, preliminary talks appear to be moving forward for the time being. (BBC, AFP, Haaretz, Washington Post)


SYRIA: Islamist rebels reject Syrian National Coalition

On Tuesday, thirteen Syrian rebel groups announced that they do not recognize the authority of the main opposition alliance, the Syrian National Coalition, and called instead for opposition forces to unite under an “Islamic framework.” The signatories of the joint statement include al-Nusra Front, as well as several allies of the Free Syrian Army (FSA) who make up a substantial portion of the Coalition’s armed wing, the Supreme Military Council. Comment: This statement comes amid growing discord within Syria’s fractured rebel landscape. Clashes between the al-Qaeda-linked group Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) and more moderate rebel groups have been ongoing, especially near Syria’s northern and eastern borders. Last week, ISIL fighters captured a town near the Turkish border from FSA forces.  Commentators observe that this growing rift poses a setback for Western powers seeking to escalate their involvement in the Syrian conflict by arming rebel forces and facilitating the formation of an administration-in-exile based on the authority of the National Coalition.(Al Jazeera, BBC, Reuters)  


Researched/Written by Katy Magill

South Asia

BANGLADESH: Garment factory workers protest for increase in wages

A strike by garment factory workers over low wages that started on Saturday continued through Wednesday after overnight negotiations to end the dispute between the shipping minister and the laborers failed. Workers are protesting to demand an increase in the monthly minimum wage from USD 38 to USD 103. About 200 garment factories were forced to close in the Gazipur and Savar industrial zones on the outskirts of Dhaka on Wednesday. The workers protested on the streets, blocking roads, attacking vehicles, and clashing with police, resulting in 50 injuries so far. Bangladesh most recently increased its minimum pay in late 2010 after months of protests from workers. Comment: Bangladesh’s 20 billion USD garment industry employs approximately four million people and accounts for about 76 percent of the country’s export earnings. It is also the world’s second largest exporter of apparel after China due to its low wages and duty free access to Western markets. The labor protests came five months after the Rana Plaza factory accident, which killed more than 1,000 people. The recent structural accidents have put pressure on the government, industrialists as well as global brands to reform the industry and ensure better working conditions.(BSSThe Daily StarAljazeeraReuters)


PAKISTAN: Bomb blasts kill 85 and injure around 120 worshippers

Two suicide bombers killed approximately 85 people and injured 120 more at the All Saints Church in Peshawar in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province on Sunday, September 22. The attack occurred at the end of the service in the church courtyard where about 500 worshippers were greeting each other. The Church was one of the oldest in the country built in 1883. According to various news reports, this attack is the deadliest in history against Pakistani Christians who make up less than three percent of the total population. Jundullah, a Sunni militant group and allegedly an affiliate of the Tehrik-e-Taliban (TTP), claimed responsibility for the attack. The group says that it targeted Christians to avenge the Muslims killed by the U.S. drone strikes. While the provincial government declared three days mourning in the wake of the blasts, both Christians and non-Christians staged protests in large numbers throughout the country by throwing rocks, blocking traffic, and burning tires to condemn the killings and demand state protection for their lives and properties. The provincial government has announced Rs. 500,000 in compensation to the families of the victims and Rs. 200,000 for each person injured in the attack. Comment: Following the attacks on two senior Pakistani army officials last week, this fresh wave of attacks against minorities could further hamper the success of peace talks between the Pakistani government and Taliban. (PakTribunePakistan ObserverAP)



SRI LANKA: Tamil National Alliance achieves landslide victory in Northern Provincial Council elections

On September 22, Tamil National Alliance (TNA), the main Tamil party in Sri Lanka, achieved a landslide victory in the first ever Northern Provincial Council elections in the region. The TNA secured 30 seats on the 38-member council, with President Rajapakse’s United People’s Freedom Alliance and a Muslim party securing the remaining seven and one seat, respectively. TNA will form the first functioning provincial government in the northern Tamil heartland since Provincial Councils were constituted in 1987 as an alternative to separation. The Provincial Councils are largely powerless and controlled by the Center-appointed Governor who retains control over taxes and financial autonomy; however, the two-thirds majority on the Provincial Council gives TNA the right to call for a no-confidence vote against the government and lobby for wider powers through public backing. The TNA is not demanding separation from Sri Lanka, but a federal state that exists within the boundaries of the country. The elections were held amid international pressure for the Sinhalese government to share power with the Tamils as promised during the war. Comment: The Tamil rebels fought a war for autonomy in the Tamil majority northern province for 26 years and were defeated by Sri Lankan government forces in 2009. The war claimed about 80,000-100,000 people in total. (The IslandBBCAFPAFP)


Researched/Written by Shruti Godbole

September 27, 2013
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About amybanda01

I am a purpose driven African woman of Cameroon origin. I enjoy exchanging New and Brilliant Ideas for growth, watching News and Movies, Practicing Journalism to inspire as a pace setter and going on Adventure. I run 3 flagship programs 'Monuments', 'Views, Voices $ Visions' and 'Cameroon's Crow' every 1st and 3rd Wednesday at 9.30pm, Saturday at 10am and Tuesday/Thursday at 6.30am respectively on Ltm TV. On my page details of certain topics on my show are discussed. Brain behind 'Voice of the Voiceless' and the relaunch of 'Good Morning Cameroon' show on Stv, I empower the youth towards innovation, self belief, talent discovery and personal development, nurturing a hardworking spirit and branding on most of my shows. I Love making new friends and I enjoy informing in tit bits.
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